DNA barcodes are short sequences from a standard region of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (CO1) gene. A simple method of obtaining a DNA barcode is described here.
What does DNA barcoding involve?
1. Extracting DNA from the sample specimen
In most cases, only a small amount of sample material (1–3 mm3 – about the size of a match head) is required for. The way the is extracted depends on the source of the sample material and how old it is.
2. Copying the DNA
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3. Checking the DNA
4. DNA sequencing
The DNA fragments from PCR are cleaned to removesalts or contaminants and then sequenced. This sequence produces a that is specific to the sample specimen. Find out more about
Comparing DNA barcodes
Building DNA barcode reference libraries
There are a number of DNA barcode reference libraries. For example, the International Barcode of Life Project (iBOL) completed the BARCODE 500K program. Research organisations from 25 countries barcoded 500,000 species. Building on this success, iBOL has launched BIOSCAN, which will extend barcode coverage to 2.5 million species by 2026!